Friday, April 1, 2016

Confidential Settlement on Behalf of a Fort Lee, New Jersey Man Sustained Nerve Injury During Root Canal Procedure.

The plaintiff underwent a root canal procedure in anticipation of a crown and eventual bridge. During the root canal sodium hypochlorite leaked into the plaintiff’s gums destroying tissue in the area of the buccal mucosa and eventually causing nerve damage.
Sodium hypochlorite is used to clean and disinfect the canals of teeth during endodontic procedures. It is caustic and it destroys tissue if it escapes the confines of the tooth.
The plaintiff experienced pain in the buccal mucosa in the area where the defendant dentist was performing the root canal procedure. The defendant stopped the root canal procedure and placed a temporary filling in the tooth when he noticed that a white lesion was forming in the gums. At the time, he was unaware that hypochlorite caused the injury. When the plaintiff returned a week later, however, the defendant saw additional significant tissue damage and concluded that hypochlorite leaked out of the tooth he was working on.
The plaintiff’s oral surgeon expert opined that the hypochlorite leaked from the tooth in one of two ways. First, there was a very small hole near the crown of the tooth that the substance could have escaped from. Second, the dentist could have caused a small hole in the root of the tooth he was working on when he was attempting to file down the canal. During discovery, the defendant indicated that he did not utilize a dental damn during root canal procedures. This could have allowed the hypochlorite that leaked out of the hole near the crown of the tooth to travel down to the buccal mucosa.
As a result of the injury, the plaintiff has a permanent sensation of numbness in his lower lip. The case settled after it was assigned to trial in Bergen County, New Jersey.

Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Confidential Settlement on Behalf of Hackettstown, New Jersey Woman Suffering an Injury to the Spinal Accessory Nerve

The plaintiff discovered a lump on the right side of her neck while showering. She consulted with her primary care physician who placed her on antibiotics for one week. When the lump did not go away, the plaintiff was referred for a CT scan, which was within normal limits. At that point, the plaintiff was referred to the defendant otolaryngologist.
The defendant ordered a second CT scan, which was also read as normal. Nevertheless, because a palpable mass was present and the defendant saw an abnormality in the pyriform sinus, he recommended a biopsy of the mass and a laryngoscopy.
The defendant performed an exisional biopsy and laryngoscopy. Within six weeks of the procedure the plaintiff could no longer lift her arms over her head. She went on to develop muscle wasting in her trapezius and eventually developed pain traveling down her right arm into her fingers.
Remarkably, when the defendant saw the plaintiff postoperatively he charted that he suspected an injury to the spinal accessory nerve. Nevertheless, he never advised the plaintiff of this fact, and she sought further follow-up care through a neurologist and spinal surgeon. The spinal surgeon recommended cervical fusion surgery. Fortunately, the plaintiff performed her own research and ascertained that she suffered an injury to her spinal accessory nerve during the lymph node biopsy.
Pre-suit research revealed that lymph node biopsies are a common cause of spinal accessory nerve injury. When an ENT suspects possible cancer because of neck adenopathy, accepted standards of care require that a fine needle aspiration biopsy be performed to avoid possible nerve injury. If a FNA biopsy is non-diagnostic, an excisional biopsy may be performed, but if the lymph node is in the area of the spinal accessory nerve, the nerve must be identified and preserved. The evidence established the defendant never attempted a FNA and never attempted to identify the spinal accessory nerve during the excisional surgery.
The defense hired an ENT who indicated that the defendant was not negligent because there was a possibility that the plaintiff might be suffering from Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and that condition cannot always be diagnosed with a FNA. This opinion, however, was not supported by the medical literature. The defendant also hired an orthopedic surgeon and a neurologist, who opined that the plaintiff’s postoperative problems were also related to cervical spine degeneration. This was contradicted by the records and the literature.
The case was resolved one week prior to the scheduled trial. The amount of the settlement is confidential.

Health Care Safety Index February/March 2016

Here are healthcare safety issues that have appeared in the news and medical journals throughout the last 60 days or so:
In an article published in the Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, the authors recommended an MRI to investigate the possibility of adjacent infections in pediatric patients suffering from septic arthritis. A threefold increase of an adjacent infection was present in patients with three or more of the following risk factors: age older than 4 years; symptoms longer than three days, C-reactive protein (CRP) greater than 13.8 mg/dL; platelets less than 314,000/microL; and absolute neutrophil count  higher than 8600/microL.

Friday, January 1, 2016

Healthcare Safety Index – January 2016

Here are healthcare safety issues that have appeared in the news and medical journals throughout the last 30 days or so:
The American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a new clinical guideline on antibiotic use in adults with acute respiratory tract infections.Except for confirmed bacterial infections like streptococcal pharyngitis or acute bacterial sinusitis, antibiotics should not routinely be used.

Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Friday, November 13, 2015

Healthcare Index October 2015

Here are noteworthy healthcare issues that have appeared in the news and medical journals throughout the last 30 days or so:

Issac Itzkoff, of the New York Times, reported that comedian Robin Williams was battling Lewy body dementia at the time of his suicide. Lewy body dementia causes an Alzheimer’s-like slippage in memory and thinking as well as stiffness and movement problems such as the kind seen in Parkinson’s disease. It can also cause hallucinations which often involve seeing animals, children or miniature people. The condition results in steady decline, an average of 10% or more a year and there is no cure.  

A study appearing in the American Journal of Psychiatry demonstrated that schizophrenia may be caused by inflammation in the brain which can be discovered through PET scans which measure the levels of activity of immune cells in the brain. The authors suggest that the next step is to determine whether anti-inflammatory treatment in patients who are predisposed to the disease can prevent the disorder.

An article published in Science discussed the development of artificial skin that acts as a mechanoreceptor in conjunction with an organic transistor circuit that can simulate the sensation of touch. The hope is that this technology will aid in the design of large area organic electronic skin with neural integrated touch feedback for replacement limbs.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Health Care Safety Index July 2015

A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition concluded that people who consumed more fruits and vegetables had a 13% lower risk of heart disease.

The CDC reported that people with health insurance are up to three times more likely to obtain recommended preventative care. Preventive services are available for nine of the ten leading causes of death in the United States.

An article published in Neurology concluded that the risk of stroke in patients diagnosed with endocarditis is longer than previously thought. According to the authors of the study, the risk of stroke usually begins 4 months before a diagnosis of infective endocarditis, peaks in the month after the diagnosis, and then normalizes by 5 months afterward.

The FDA issued a safety communication regarding 45 patient deaths and other adverse events related to the use of SentreHEART devices used for left atrial appendage closure.

An article published in Osteoporosis International suggested a link between ischemic heart disease and osteoporosis. The authors concluded that bone health should be considered in patients diagnosed with ischemic heart disease.

The FDA amended the warnings related to NSAID use and the increased risk of strokes and heart attacks.   

The American Thoracic Society, European Respiratory Society, the Japanese Respiratory Society, and the Latin American Thoracic Association published new guidelines for the care of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.
Updated guidelines for the treatment of Hepatitis C were published in Hepatology by The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

An article published in Emerging Infectious Diseases (and approved by the CDC) revealed the continuing and significant expansion of Lyme disease. In counties throughout the United States between 1993 and 1997, there were 69 counties with high incidence of Lyme disease; this number climbed to 130 counties for the period from 1998 to 2002, 197 counties in 2003 to 2007 and 260 counties in 2008 to 2012. The news is bleaker for northeastern states who saw a 320% jump in counties with high incidence, from 43 counties in the first period to 182 in the last survey.

The CDC published a report indicating that the United States in in the midst of a heroin epidemic with usage rates climbing from 63% between 2002 and 2013. The biggest increases in use were seen in women and people with higher incomes.

Pauline Anderson, of MedScape News, reported on oral presentations at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference which demonstrated that physical activity reduces cognitive decline and improves neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with dementia and may reduce Alzheimer's disease  biomarkers.     

A study appearing in Pediatrics raised the question of whether antibiotic use increased the risk of juvenile arthritis.

An article published in PLOS Medicine disclosed that Glitazones taken by patients for Type 2 Diabetes (including Avandia and Actos) might have the unintended but beneficial effect of decreasing the risk of Parkinson’s disease.